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History of Damascus and its Scholars

 

  • Bio: `Abd al-Malik b. Marwan `Abd al-Malik b. Marwan b. 25 H. in Madinah – d. 86/7 H. in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | عربي | Burial Place | | Refs Umawi ruler, faqih with wide knowledge and great piety.   Abul Walid `Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (the caliph) ibn Al-Hakam (the Sahabi) ibn Abil`As ibn Umayya al-Quraishi. The one of the seven fuqaha of Madina, and the fifth Umawi caliph. Ibn Khaldun stated that “`Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan is one of the greatest Arab and Muslim Caliphs. ...
  • Bio: `Abd Allah b. Ja`far b. Abi Talib (d. ~ 100 H.) radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | عربي | Refs He is the son of Sayyiduna Ja`far b. Abi Talib, and the newphew of Sayyiduna `Ali ibn Abi Talib, as well as his son-in-law: he married Sayyida Zainab bint Ali b. Abi Talib. When sayyiduna`Ali established his caliphate in Kufa, he and his family went to join him there. Sayyida Zainab bore him four boys named `Ali, Mohammad (martyred on the lands of Karbala), `Aun (martyred on the lands ...
  • Bio: Abu Darda Abu Darda sahabi d. 32 H. (653 CE) in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | عربي | Hadith | Burial Place | Refs `Uwaymar (or `Amir) ibn Zayd, known by his kunya Abu Al-Darda’, a companion of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) from the ansar. A great scholar, imam, ascetic and hadith narrator.   He was originally trader in Madinah who converted from Judaism to Islam after hearing the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (s). He became a great scholar and hadith narrator, known for his ascetism. ...
  • Bio: Abu Dharr al-Ghafari Abu Dharr al-Ghafari radiya Allah anhu He lived in Damascus during the caliphate of Sayyiduna ‘Uthman. He has a maqam in al-Shaghur References bmk ziarat Damas Cultural Society © 2007
  • Bio: Abu Shamah al-Maqdisi Abu Shamah Shihab al-Din al-Maqdisi b. 599 – d. 665 in Damascus (1202-1267 CE) الإمام عبد الرحمان بن إسماعيل بن إبراهيم عثمان المقدسي ثم الدمشقي، المعروف بأبي شامة radiya Allah anhu Tab links: Brill entry | عربي | Burial Place ﷽ Grammarian and muhaddith He was the third head of Damascus Dar al-hadith after Imam al-Nawawi   Abū Shāma Shihāb al-Dīn al-Maqdisī Abū Shāma Shihāb al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Ismāʿīl b. Ibrāhīm b. ʿUthmān b. Abī Bakr b. Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad al-Maqdisī (599–665/1203–68) was a scholar of seventh/thirteenth-century ...
  • Bio: Abu Sulayman al-Darani Abu Sulayman al-Darani (d. 215 H. in Dara near Damascus) radiya Allah anhu Tab links: Bio in English | عربي | Svenska | Burial Place | Refs Biography in Al-Risala al-Qushayriyya – t.b.d. Biografi Abu Sulayman al-Darani ur al-Qusayri’s Risala, övers. Göran Ogén t.b.d. t.b.d.   Biografi ur al-Qusayri’s Risala Biografi Abu Sulayman al-Darani ur Al-Risala al-Qushayriyya Övers. Göran Ogén 12. Abū Sulaymān cAbd al-Rahmān bin cAtīya al-Dārānī(1) 1. kom från Dārān(2), en av byarna kring Damaskus, och dog år 215 (år 830 A.D.). Jag hörde ...
  • Bio: Sh. `Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza’iri Al-Amir Sheikh `Abd al-Qadir al-Jaza’iri al-Hasani al-Idrisi b. 1222 H. in Algeria – d. 1300 H. in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | عربي | Photos | Burial Place | Refs ﷽ He was `abd al-Qadir ibn Muhyi al-Din ibn al-Mustafa ibn Muhammad, from a family of nobles, originally from al-Maghrib al-Aqsa (Marokko), then they migrated to Algeria. He was born on Friday the 23rd of Rajab year 122 H. in the village of al-Qaytana (القيهطنجة) in the region near Ma`askar (معسمكر) in al-Maghrib ...
  • Bio: `Awf ibn Malik al-Ashjari Sayyiduna `Awf ibn Malik al-Ashjari d. 73 H. radiya Allah anhu Buried in Damascus. References: Ziarat al-Sham Damas Cultural Society © 2007
  • Bio: Ibn `Asakir al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari Ibn `Asakir al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari 499-571 i Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | عربي | Burial Place | Refs The famous historian and greatest hadith scholar of his time. He travelled and heard hadith from over 1000 narrators. Authored several encyclopedic works, among them Tarikh Dimashq.   By Dr. G.F. Haddad `Ali ibn al-Hasan ibn Hibat Allah ibn `Abd Allah, Thiqat al-Din, Abu al-Qasim, known as Ibn `Asakir al-Dimashqi al-Shafi`i al-Ash`ari (499-571), the imam of hadith masters in his time and historian of Damascus. Ibn al-Najjar ...
  • Bio: Sh. Muhammad Amin `Abidin (Ibn `Abidin) Al-Sayyid al-Sheikh Muhammad Amin`Abidin al-Hanafi al-Husayni b. – d. 1252 H. in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: Abidin family tree and lineage | Burial Place | Refs ﷽ Author the Hashya, known as Ibn ´Abidin `Umar (d. 1237) | | Muhammad Amin (d. 1252 H.) sahib al-Hashia | `Ala al-Din (d. 1306 H.) | `Abd al-Ghani | Ahmad (d. 1307 H.) | Muhammad Abu Khayr (d. 1345 H.) | Muhammad Abul Yusr (d. 1401 H.) Lineage of `Umar ‘Abidin: He was `Umar b. `Abd al-`Aziz b. Ahmad b. `Abd al-Rahim b. Muhammad Salih al-Din (known as Ibn `Abidin because of his rightousness) b. Najm al-Din b. Muhammad b. Kamal b. Taqi al-Din (al-mudarris) b. Mustafa ...
  • Bio: Nur al-Din b. Zanki (b. 511 – d. 579) radiya Allah anhu – السلطان أبو القاسم نور الدين محمود ين أبي سعيد(أو سعد) زنكي بن سيف الدين – Just ruler of Damscus, first in history ot build a Dar al-hadith, gave many books as waqf, built schools and mosques and institueted many awqaf, loved and honored the pple of din; strong in warfare, a good archer, he would only consume out of wealth he gained by buisineness or spoils of war according to what the `ulema deemd ...
  • Bio: Sh. Ahmad Habbal Shaykh Ahmad al-Rifa´i al-Habbal al-Dimashqi الشيخ أحمد الرفاعي الحبال d. 1430 H. (2009 CE) in Damascus Tab links: English | عربي | Photos Sayyid Shaykh Ahmad al-Habbal al-Rifai was one of the Abdal and a protector Saint of Damascus. He was a student of Shaykh Badr al-Din al-Hasani, and a servant and companion of Shaykh Sharif al-Yaqoubi. – He was a businessman, he made and sold Ropes. A few days before he passed away he donated half a Million Syrian Pounds to the people ...
  • Bio: Sh. `Ala al-Din bin Muhammad`Abidin Sheikh `Ala al-Din bin Muhammad `Abidin al-Hanafi al-Husayni b. 1244 – d. 1306 H. in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: Abidin family tree and lineage | English | عربي | Burial Place | Refs ﷽   `Umar (d. 1237) | | Muhammad Amin (d. 1252 H.) sahib al-Hashia | `Ala al-Din (d. 1306 H.) | `Abd al-Ghani | Ahmad (d. 1307 H.) | Muhammad Abu Khayr (d. 1345 H.) | Muhammad Abul Yusr (d. 1401 H.) Lineage of `Umar ‘Abidin: He was `Umar b. `Abd al-`Aziz b. Ahmad b. `Abd al-Rahim b. Muhammad Salih al-Din (known as Ibn `Abidin because of his rightousness) b. Najm al-Din b. Muhammad b. Kamal b. Taqi al-Din (al-mudarris) b. Mustafa ...
  • Bio: Sh. Badr al-Din al-Hasani Shaykh Badr al-Din al-Hasani b. 1267 – d. 1354 H in Daamascs (1850-1935 CE) qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Bio English | عربي |
  • Bio: Sh. Ibrahim al-Yaqoubi Sayyidi Shaykh Ibrahim al-Yaqoubi al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد إبراهيم اليعقوبي الحسني d. 1406 H. / 1985 CE in Damascus qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Bio | What Ulama said about him | Works | Miracles | عربي | Photos | Burial Place | Ref’s ﷽ Shaykh Ibrahim al-Ya’qoubi was one of the greatest scholars Syria saw in the past 50 years. He succeded Sheikh Muhammad al-Makki al-Kettani as the Maliki Mufti of Syria. He was also the Imam and teacher of the Omayyad Mosque. He ...
  • Bio: Sh. Ismail al-Yaqoubi Sayyidi Shaykh Ismail al-Yaqoubi al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد إسماعيل اليعقوبي الحسني d. 1380 H. / 1960 CE in Damascus qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Burial Place He was the grandfather of Sheikh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, a great Wali known for his miracles. His khalwa was under in the Sinaniyya mosque in Damascus. He is buried in the cemetery of Bab Saghir in Damascs, near the tomb of Sayyiduna Shaykh Ibrahim al-Yaqoubi – may Allah be pleased with them both. Shaykh Isma’il al-Ya’qoubi (d. 1960/1380 H.) He is ...
  • Bio: Sh. Rislan al-Dimashqi Sayyidi Sheikh Rislan al-Dimashqi d. ~540 H. in Damascus radiya Allah anhu Tab links: English | Español | عربي | Burial Place | More ﷽ One ohe greatest walis of Damascus. His chain goes back to al-Sari al-Saqati. View original article on damas-original.nur.nu Excerpt from Risalat f’it Tawhid Concerning the Affirmation of Divine Oneness by Shaykh Wali Raslan ad-Dimashqi translation by Muhtar Holland © Baz Publications View | Download Excerpto de Risala fi’t-Tawhid de Sheikh Rislan al-Dimashqi: View | Download Article in At-Tabaqat al-Kubra of Imam al-Sha’rani (PDF) – View ...
  • Bio: Sh. Sharif al-Yaqoubi Sayyidi Shaykh Sharif al-Yaqoubi al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد شريف اليعقوبي الحسني b. 1282 – d. 1362 H. (1865–1943 CE) in Damascus qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Biography | عربي | Photos | Burial Place | Ref’s Malikite in fiqh, Shadhili in Tasawwuf, a great caller to Allah and a great murshid. The Sun of Damascus, refuge of the people of his time, leader of awliya and Ulema of Sham. The one remembered by every tongue, who resembled the Prophet ﷺ. The one who saved the ...
  • Bio: Sh. Shukri Luhafi Shaykh Shukri Luhafi al-Shadhili b. 1338 – d. H. (2015 CE) in Damascus His Shaykh in the Shadhili tariqa was Shaykh Muhammad al-Hashimi He used to say: “Shaykh Abul Huda (al-Yaqoubi) must be the leader of us all.” – may Allah be pleased with them all. imgrum The erudite ‘Allamah, the Gnostic and Zāhid the noble Shaykh Shukri al-Luhafī al-Hanafī ash-Shadhili from Damascus has passed away today – He was the Leader of the Shadhili Tariqa in Shaam ash-Sharif – Inna lillahi wa inna ...
  • Bio: Sh. Muhammad ibn Yallis Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yallis al-Tlimsani al-Shadhili b. 1264 – d. 1346/7 H. in Damascus (1847–1927) Sh. Muhammad Ibn Yallis b. Shawish al-Tlimsani al-Maliki al-Shadhili, the Sheikh of Sheikh Muhammad al-Hashimi. View article on Damas Cultural Society © 2007 Shaykh Muhammad ibn Yallis al-Tlimsani by bmk – from Damas Cultural Society © 2007 He is Muhammad Ibn Yallis b. Shawish al-Tlimsani al-Maliki al-Shadhili, the Sheikh of Sheikh Muhammad al-Hashimi. Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Yallis was born in Tlimsan around year 1264 H. and studied according to the Maghribi ...
  • Bio: Shaykh Muhammad al-Hashimi Shaykh Muhammad al-Hashimi al Hasani al-Shadhili b. 1298 – d. 1381 H. (1880–1961 CE) in Damascus (CE) Sh. Muhammad al-Hashimi View article on Damas Cultural Society © 2007 |
  • Bio: Sheikh Muhammad Abul Yusr `Abidin al-Husayni Al-Sayyid al-Sheikh Muhammad Abul Yusr `Abidin al-Husayni b. 1307 – d. 1401 H. in Damascus | 1889–1981 CE radiya Allah anhu Mufti of Syria, and one was one of the greatest scholars of the 14th century H. He combined mundane and sublime knowlege, practicing the profession of medicine while teaching Islamic sciences in his home, in mosques, and in the University, and resolving the most intricate legal issues of his day. He expended himself and his wealth in jiha, never flinching from ...
  • Bio: The Yaqoubi Masters The Yaqoubi Masters Tab links: English | عربي | Pictures | Notes & Ref’s Sheikh Sharif Al-Yaqoubi d. 1362 H./1943 CE Sheikh Ibrahim Al-Yaqoubi d.1406 H./1985 CE Sheikh Muhammad Al-Yaqoubi b.1382 H./1961 CE Sheikh Isma`il Al-Yaqoubi d.1380 H./1960 CE Sheikh Muhammad al-´Arabi Al-Yaqoubi d. H. / 1965 CE Click on photo to go the article | Overview article on damas | Yaqoubi family diagram Yaqoubi Awlia t.b.d.   .float-left {text-align: center;} .img-dim {height: 180px;}
  • Damascus History History of Damascus and its Scholars
  • History of Damascus and its scholars View articles on Damascene Scholars
  • Damascus: Dar al-Hadith Tab links: English | Photos | Location ﷽ Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiyyah And in Dar al-Hadith there is a subtle meaning On carpets where I incline and take refuge: Perhaps I might touch with my very face A spot touched by al-Nawawi’s foot.” Quoted by Taqi al-din al-Subki in Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyyah al-Kubra, see The first Dar al-Hadith was founded in Damascus by the Zengid ruler Nur al-Din (al-Malik al-`Adil Nur al-Din Mahmud ibn Zanki (r. 662-671 H). The Dar al-Sunna school (subsequenty renamed Dar al-Hadith) was built with ...
  • Damascus, Salihiyya: Sh. Muhyiddin Ibn al-´Arabi Tab links: Englsih | Photos ﷽ Maqam of Al-Sheikh al-Akbar Muhyiddin Ibn al-`Arabi Al-Sheikh al-Akbar Muhyiddin Ibn al-`Arabi lived the last years of his life in Damascus and passed away there in 638 H. / 1240 CE. He is buried at the foot of the Qasioun mountain overshadowing Damascus from the north-west. In his honor, the Ottoman sultan Selim II built a Mosque by the side of his tomb in 1516 CE. By his side are buried: two of his sons, and his ...
  • Bio: Sheikh Muhammad al-Mubarak al-Hasani Sayyidi Shaykh Muhammad al-Mubarak al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد محمد المبارك الحسني d. 1330 H. in Damascus qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Biography | Burial Place | References He was Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Mubarak ibn Muhammad al-Dillisi al-Qayrawani, whose lineage goes back to Mawlana Idris (radia Allah-u `anhu). He took the Shadhili tariqa from his brother, Shaykh Muhammad al-Tayyib, and was his khalifa He was born in 1263 H. in Beirut, during his family’s migration from Algeria to Sham – this was the first migration, ...
  • Bio: Sh. Muhammad al-Tayyib al-Hasani Sayyidi Shaykh Muhammad al-Tayyib al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد محمد الطيب الحسني b. 1255 H. in Algeria – d. 1313 H. in Damascus qaddasa Allah sirrahu Tab links: Biography | Burial Place | References He was Muhammad al-Tayyib al-Dillisi al-Maliki ibn Muhammad al-Mubarak ibn Muhammad al-Dillisi al-Qayrawani, whose lineage goes back to Mawlana Idris, the founder of the city of Fas and great grandson of sayyiduna al-Hasan Sibt Rasul Allah (sall Allah-u `aleyhi wa sallam). He took the Shahdili Tariqa from Sayyidi Shaykh Muhammad ibn ...
  • Bio: Sh. Muhammad al-Yaqoubi His Eminence Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi al-Hasani al-Idrisi الشيخ السيد محمد أبو الهدى اليعقوبي الحسني الإدريسي Hafizhahu Allah – May Allah preserve him Tab links: Bio in English | A gem | عربي | Svenska | Pictures | Referenes ﷽   sacredknolwedge 2004 Shorter Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya`qoubi – biography 2004 From: Shaykh Ibrahim Institute | damas Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya`qoubi descends from a scholarly family whose lineage goes back to the Prophet, salla Allahu ‘alayhi sallam, through his grandson Sayyiduna al-Hasan, radiya Allahu ‘anhu. His lineage goes back to Mawlay Idris al-Anwar ...

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