أبو الدرداء الأنصاري الخزرجي
d. 32 H. (653 CE) in Damascus (sahabi)
radiya Allah anhu
A great scholar, imam, ascetic and hadith narrator.
He is buried, in the qibla wall of the Umawy mosque. A mosque is erected over his home in the citadel wall east of the Umawi mosque.
See also http://www.sunnah.org/history/Sahaba/darda.html (From Alim® Online)
أبو الدرداء رضي الله عنه
…أبو الدَّرْداء عُوَيْمرُ بنُ عامرٍ الأنصاريُّ الخزرجيُّ، حكيم هذه الأمَّة كما في بعض المراسيل وأقوال السَّلف. ثم كانت له أقوالٌ أكَّدت أن كلامَه كلامُ حكيم، قال رضيَ الله عنه: “كنتُ تاجرًا قبل أن يُبْعَث النبيُّ صلَّى الله عليه وسلَّم فلما بُعِثَ محمَّدٌ؛ زاولتُ التجارة والعبادة؛ فلم تجتمعا؛ فأخذتُ العبادة وتركتُ التجارة”. فهو رضيَ الله عنه لما رأى أن التجارة تزاحم العبادة، ورأى من نفسه عدم القدرة على جمعهما؛ أقبل على الأفضل…
Hz. Ebu’d Derda (r.a.)
Ebüdderdâ ( radıyallahü anh ), Peygamberimizin ( aleyhisselâm ) vefâtından sonra Medine’de kalmaya tahammül edememiştir. Dolaştığı her yerde Resûlullahın ( aleyhisselâm ) hatırasını görüp, dayanamadığından Şam’a gidip, orada yerleşti. Hazreti Ömer’in isteği üzere Şam’da ders vermeye başladı. Çok sayıda âlim yetiştirdi. Tefsîr, hadîs, fıkıh ilimlerini öğretmesinin yanında, verdiği Kur’ân-ı kerîm dersleri meşhûrdur.
Hadith on the zuhd of Abu Darda
Kathir ibn Qays said: “I was sitting with Abu al-Darda’ in the mosque of Damascus. A man came to him and said: Abu al-Darda’, I have come to you from the city of Allah’s Messenger for a narration I have heard that you relate from the Prophet (s). I have come for no other purpose.” He said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (s) say:
“If anyone travels on a road in search of knowledge, Allah will cause him to travel on one of the roads of Paradise, the angels will lower their wings from good pleasure with one who seeks knowledge, and the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth and the fish in the depth of the water will ask forgiveness for the learned man. The superiority of the learned man over the ordinary believer is like that of the moon on the night when it is full over the rest of the stars. The learned are the inheritors of the Prophets, and the Prophets have neither dinar nor dirham, leaving only knowledge, and he who takes it takes an abundant portion.”
Abu Dawud narrated it in his Sunan as the first hadith of the book of `Ilm, also Ibn Majah and Darimi in the muqaddima of their Sunan, all of them with a weak chain which, however, is strengthened by the fact that Bukhari in his Sahih, Tirmidhi in his Sunan, Ahmad in his Musnad, Bayhaqi in his Sunan all narrate various parts of this hadith.
Kathir bin Qais narrates:
I was sitting with Abu Darda radhiyallah hu anhu (ra) in a masjid in Damascus, when a person came to him and said; “O, Abu Darda ra, I have come all the way from Madinah to learn one Hadith from you, as I understand you have heard it directly from the Prophet Muhammad saw (peace be upon him).”
Abu Darda ra: “Do you have any other business in Damascus?”
The Person: “No.”
Abu Darda ra: “Are you sure that you have no other work in Damascus?”
The person: “I have come to this place with the sole purpose of learning Hadith.”
Abu Darda ra: “Listen. I have heard the Prophet Muhammad saw (peace be upon him) saying; ‘Allah eases the way to Paradise for one who traverses some distance to seek knowledge. The angels spread their wings under his feet, and all things in heavens and earth (even the fish in the water) pray for his forgiveness, The superiority of a person processing knowledge over a person doing worship is a the superiority of the moon over the stars. The Ulama are the inheritors of the Prophet Muhammad saw (peace be upon him). The legacy of Prophets Alaihimussalaam is not neither gold nor silver. Their legacy is knowledge. A person who acquires knowledge acquires a great wealth.”
Abu Darda ra is foremost among the Companion who possessed very sound knowledge in religion. He is called ‘Hakim ul Ummah’ – the Sage of Islam. He once said:
“Before Islam, I lived on trade. After accepting Islam, I tried to combine the service of Allah swt with my business, but I could not do so. I therefore gave up business and devoted myself solely to the service of Allah swt. Now, if I have a shop at the gate of a masjid and have no fear of losing a single Solat thereby, and even if the shop gives me daily profit of 40 dinars to spend the whole lot in the path of Allah swt, even then I am not willing to turn business.”
Somebody inquired the reason. He replied:
“Because of the fear of reckoning.”
He used to say:
“I love death, so that I may meet Allah swt. I love destitution, so that I will be meek. I love sickness, so that I will be pardoned my sins.”
In this story, we find a person travelling all the way from Madinah to Damascus for the sake of one Hadith. This was not at all hard for those people. Sha’abi rahmatullah alaihi is a famous Muhadith of Koofa. He once narrated a Hadith to one of his students and said:
“You are listening to this Hadith while sitting in your home town. People had to travel all their way to Madinah for even less important things, because Madinah was the only of seat learning in those days.”
Saeed Ibnul Musayyab rahmatullah alaih is a famous Tabi’ee. He says:
“For each Hadith that I have learnt, I had to travel on foot for days and nights together.”
Imam Bukhari Rahmatullahi alaih (Rah a) was born in the Islamic month of Shawal 194 A.H. He started learning Haditf in 205 A.H. i.e., when he was only eleven. He had memorized all the books written by Abdullah bin Mubarak (Rah a) while he was in his early teens. After collecting Hadith from all the learned men of his own locality, he set out in 216 A.H. in search of further knowledge. His father died and he could not leave his widowed mother alone. He therefore took her with him on his long and strenuous journey to Balkh, Baghdad, Makkah, Basra, Koofah, Asqalan, Hims and Damascus. He collected all the available Hadith from these seats of learning. He was accepted as an expert in Hadith, while he had no single hair on his chin.
Hashad (Rah a) and one of his Companions said:
“Bukhari and we two used to go together to the same teacher. We noted down all the Hadith that we learnt, but he wrote nothing. After many days we said to him, ‘Bukhari, you are wasting your time.’ He kept quiet. When we admonished him again and again, he said, ‘you are now annoying me too much. Bring your notes.’ We brought our notes, which covered about 15,000 Hadith. He, to our utter amazement, recited all those Hadith by heart.”
Narrated Abu Juhaifa:
The Prophet made a bond of brotherhood between Salman and Abu Ad-Darda.’ Salman paid a visit to Abu Ad-Darda’ and found Um Ad-Darda’ dressed in shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied, “Your brother Abu Ad-Darda’ is not interested in (the luxuries of) this world.” In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda’ came and prepared a meal for Salman. Salman requested Abu Ad-Darda’ to eat (with him), but Abu Ad-Darda’ said, “I am fasting.” Salman said, “I am not going to eat unless you eat.” So, Abu Ad-Darda’ ate(with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abu Ad-Darda’ got up (to offer the night prayer), but Salman told him to sleep and Abu Ad-Darda’ slept. After sometime Abu Ad-Darda’ again got up but Salman told him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman told him to get up then, and both of them offered the prayer. Salman told Abu Ad-Darda’, “Your Lord has a right on you, your soul has a right on you, and your family has a right on you; so you should give the rights of all those who has a right on you.” Abu Ad-Darda’ came to the Prophet and narrated the whole story. The Prophet said, “Salman has spoken the truth.”
Abu Darda – the sahabi – is buried, with his wife Umm Darda’ al-Sughra (a tabi`i), in the qibla wall of the Umawy mosque. A mosque is erected over his home in the citadel wall east of the Umawi mosque.
His wife, Umm Darda’ al-Sughra, is buried with him. She was a tabi`i (of the generation next to the Prophet (sallAllahu `aleihi wa sallam).
1. Maqam of Abu Darda in the citadel wall in old Damascus
Ziarat al-Sham, bmk ziyarat 2001– 2008
1 and 4: www.al-musafir.com
2: Orooj ziiyarat 2006
Damas Cultural Society © 2007